Petroglyphs of Chan da Cruz

Group formed by four stones, which form part of a granitic outcrop that follows the natural slope of the land.

ROCK 1: Horizontal rock situated at ground level with at least five motifs:
- Motif no.1: Combination formed by two complete concentric circles (30cm maximum diameter) with a central cupmark (8cm) around which there appears to be 6-7 other small cupmarks; from this central cupmark a curving radial line extends for 25cm in a southerly direction, terminating in a natural fissure.

- Motif no.2: Situated 10 cm to the west of motif no. 1, it is an oval, 20cm by 13cm in diameter, with 3-4 cupmarks (1-2cm in diameter) in the middle.

- Motif no.3: Situated 30cm to the S of motif no. 2, this is a combination of two concentric circles (20cm maximum diameter) with at least three cupmarks in the centre. The motif is incomplete due to a break in the stone.

- Motif no.4: Situated to the N of motif no.1; there are three cupmarks in a line and another one with a small appendix. It is possible that there are more engravings here.

- Motif no.5: Situated to the E of motif no.1; remains of a quadrangular figure.

- Motif no.6: Situated approx. 1m to the S of motif no.1, although the illustration in the bibliography shows an incomplete circle with cupmarks in the interior and a longitudinal appendix to the exterior, we observed a circle (approx. 30cm, in diameter) with a central cupmark that takes advantage of a natural bulge in the rock; there appears to be an external longitudinal appendix (20cm in length) and in the interior of the circle there could have been additional cupmarks but the engraving is so eroded that it is not possible to confirm this.
Except for motifs no.1 and 2, the engravings are very difficult to see, which makes it possible that there are more carvings as recorded in the bibliography (it corresponds to Chan da Cruz group II in Costas Goberna-1985).

ROCK 2: This belongs to the same outcrops as the previous and following stones. The engravings, at least the small crosses (all approximately of the same size: 11cm by 11cm), are situated 1.50m to the north of Rock 1. Here the rock is more inclined, following the natural slope of the land.

ROCK 3: This is a large outcrop, at the foot of that which corresponds to Rock 1 and Rock 2. There is a carving of a large cross, 64cm by 64cm; to one side, in the area of the head of the cross, there is a cupmark, 10cm in diameter. Width of groove: 9-11cm; depth: 5cm

ROCK 4: This is the vertical face of the previous rock, around 2.50m north of Rock 1. It has two circular motifs linked by a longitudinal angled appendix (Chan da Cruz group I in Costas Goberna- 1985).

- Motif no.1: Circle of approx. 28cm in diameter, traversed by a natural fissure. It is very altered and eroded.

- Motif no.2: Circular combination of three concentric circles (approx. 27cm in diameter) with a central cupmark from which a radial line (20cm long) extends, passing through the outer circle, linking it with motif no.1, to create a small oval. Poor conservation and visibility due to natural erosion.

Three new engraved rocks were identified (Thanks to Xosé Couñago, of the Asociación Cultural AlénNós).

Rock 5: Situated 7 metres to the E of the engraving of the large cross, in an eastern face of the large outcrop, in a small isolated ledge of the rock. It is difficult to precisely describe the motifs, but in general there appears to be a large semicircle (70cm in diameter) filled with cupmarks.

On the NE side of the circle there appears to be a protrusion of the rock probably outlined by a circular line and filled with 6-8 cupmarks. As well as significant erosion, the rock is also affected by an abundant growth of moss, lichens, and has also been damaged by quarrying. Around 65cm to the N-NE there is a “anthropomorph cruciform" measuring 20cm by 12cm.

Rock 6: Situated 2.25m to the W of the engraving of the large cross; on the W-NW face of the main outcrop. The motifs are situated on an irregular surface, with some taking advantage of protrusions in the rock. From SW to NE there are: three circles with a diameter of around 24cm (motif1); 60cm away there are groups of cupmarks taking advantage of the protrusion of the rock (motif 2); 90cm from motif 1, there appears to be a group of three concentric circles, 24cm in diameter (motif 3); a group of probably five cupmarks (motif 4); 40cm from motif 3 a cupmark enclosed by a wide circular groove (motif 5); to the NE of motif 5 there appears to be more carvings but it was not possible to precisely identify them. All of the motifs are spread over an area of approximately 2.25m by 0.90m

Rock 7: Situated at the S-SE base of the large outcrop where the large cross is located; on an almost vertical face, close to ground level. It has an anthropomorph (22cm long) and 13cm lower, a cross (18cm by 12cm) which do not appear to be prehistoric.